Anatomy of a Go-Around

IMG_6061I’ve been around the airport long enough now that I’ve witnessed many go-arounds. They always grab my attention because the plane passes low over the airport in a way that is different from the usual pattern. Most of the time I don’t have any idea why they are going around, although once I had my scanner on and heard the pilots mention wind shear.

However, recently I happened to be watching as a situation unfolded which required a flight to go around. Not only was I able to witness the events leading up to the go-around, but I was fortunate enough to have my scanner on so I could hear what was going on, plus I had my camera and was able to grab some pics and video.  Even better, I found the audio on LiveATC.net so I was able to review both the photos and the audio and put it together into a video which I’m sharing with you!

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This stairs truck had nothing to do with the go-around.  I just love stairs trucks and this is a really cool one.  Thanks Dr Stephanie Plummer for taking and sharing the pic!

Before I get into the details I want to make it clear that I’m not judging or assessing blame. This is just my account of what I saw and heard. Everyone involved in this situation handled it well and everyone eventually successfully completed their journey – which is, of course, always the goal.

The Scene

The day was warm and sunny with puffy clouds. I don’t have the metars, unfortunately, but as you’ll be able to see in the video, visibility was generally good and any breeze was light.

The airport has two parallel runways, but one of them was closed at the time. This means there was twice as much traffic using the active runway. In fact, the plane that went around would normally have been landing on the other runway, a fact that is significant in the context of this event.

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The Players

There were three planes that were involved: a Vistajet Global 6000, a Delta Boeing 737-800 and a small business jet, whose make and type I didn’t happen to catch. The little bizjet had just landed, the Vistajet was preparing to depart and the Delta was on final.

The Event

If you’ve spent any time watching a busy airport in operation you’ll know that there’s a certain rhythm to it. A plane lands,  it clears the runway, a plane takes off, the next plane lands, etc. ATC establishes this rhythm and manages the separation to keep the flow going smoothly. I actually quite enjoy watching single runway operations because then everything happens right in front of me. This particular event occurred during the evening rush when there is more activity on the airfield.

After the little bizjet landed, ATC cleared Vistajet to line up and wait. Although you can’t hear it on the LiveATC recording, ATC let Vistajet know that there was a 737 on a four mile final. My first inkling that we might have an issue was that the bizjet seemed a little slow to exit the runway.

IMG_6064Once the bizjet turned onto a taxiway, ATC cleared Vistajet to take off. They then cleared the Delta flight to land, noting that departing traffic was on the roll. Except it wasn’t. I watched as Vistajet sat at the end of the runway while the Delta continued on final. It was pretty clear that if Vistajet didn’t get moving ASAP there was going to be a situation.

Sure enough the Tower commanded Vistajet to expedite off the runway via the nearest taxiway. I would imagine the Vistajet pilots were focused on preparing to take off, so the sudden command to taxi instead probably took them a moment to digest. When they didn’t move right away, and with Delta still on approach, ATC again commanded Vistajet to exit the runway. I’ve listened to ATC handling all kinds of situations in all kinds of weather and they always sound completely calm and collected. In this case, however, there was no mistaking the urgency in the controller’s voice.

IMG_6059Unsurprisingly, the next command from ATC was to cancel Delta’s landing clearance and send them around. The Delta pilot’s response was perhaps my favorite part of the whole thing. While the Vistajet scrambled to exit the runway and the controller sounded a bit tense, the Delta pilot sounded… bored. Like he does go-arounds ten times a day. I’m sure the Delta flight crew were maintaining situational awareness, could tell what was happening and were already preparing to abort the approach.

Now that I’ve set it up for you, here’s the video so you can listen and see for yourself. The audio clip is exactly as it was recorded by LiveATC – I didn’t do any editing other than trimming it to just the incident portion of the recording:

Sure there may have been a tense moment or two and yes the situation caused two planes to be delayed a little bit, but the bottom line is everyone arrived safely at their destination. Vistajet was resequenced for departure and Delta was routed back into the traffic pattern where they made an uneventful landing a few minutes later. On the airfield, as in life, things don’t always go as planned. As long as everyone pays attention, it doesn’t have to be a problem.

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8 thoughts on “Anatomy of a Go-Around

  1. Clearly the fault lies with the VistaJet for taking far too long to begin its roll. They should have notified Tower they’d rather hold short and wait for the 737 to land.

    However, tower is the controlling entity and should have been more observant of the progress of VistaJet taking the runway to position & hold (line-up & wait). The command to go-around for Delta should have been issued far earlier instead of attempting to get VistaJet to clear the runway. That’s conflicting instructions — either you give priority to the departing aircraft with whom you’ve given the LU&W instructions, or the arriving aircraft whom you’ve given permission to land.

    The AIM (I believe) states that the landing aircraft should always be given priority over aircraft already on the ground…

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    • In some places in the world you cannot give a landing clearance if there is any traffic on the runway. In that scenario Delta would never have been cleared to land. But as I said, this is just what I saw/heard – I’m not in a position to judge. It was interesting to watch though! Thanks for reading and for your input.

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  2. Jenn; Reminds me of a conversation I just had with my hotel roommate at the Airliners International Convention being held here in DCA this week. He’s a retired Air Traffic Controller and was riding Jumpseat 1 day a number of years ago, I can’t recall which airline he was on. Anyway ATC cleared them onto the active runway to hold in position, which they did. A few moments later ATC cleared them to take off. The Capt. replied “Cleared to Take off” to ATC & put down the mic. They sat there for 30-40 seconds & ATC calls back again “Cleared to Take off”. This time the First Officer takes the mic & replies “Cleared to take off” and puts down the mic. He then looks over to the Capt. & asks, “Are you ready to go?” The Capt. replies, “It’s you leg to fly isn’t it?” The 1st Officer replies, “I thought it was your leg to fly”. They look at each other and the Capt. decides it must be his leg so he shoves the thrust controls forward and away they go. I don’t think anything was on final behind them at this time, but your story sure made me think of our talk about crazy things that happened on various Jumpseat rides 2 nights ago. Who knows if this was going on in the cockpit of the Vistajet. Great article & explanation you gave.

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    • Interesting story, Jet! And a little concerning. Seems to me they should have know before they taxiied out who was going to be flying! Hope you are having a great trip! And thanks for reading!

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